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ipHandbook Blog

Your source for expert commentary on IP management issues.
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About

Editor-in-Chief,   Anatole Krattiger

Editorial Board

Concept Foundation

PIPRA

Fiocruz, Brazil

bioDevelopments-   Institute

Putting Intellectual Property to Work: Experiences from Around the World

Summary and Overview Summary and Overview

Topic Chapters       Show All AbstractsShow All Abstracts

Show AbstractAbstract 17.1  Current Issues of IP Management in Health and Agriculture in Brazil
by Claudia Inês Chamas, Sergio M. Paulino De Carvalho, Sergio Salles-Filho

Show AbstractAbstract 17.2  A Model for the Collaborative Development of Agricultural Biotechnology Products in Chile
by Carlos Fernandez, Michael R. Moynihan

Show AbstractAbstract 17.3  IP Rights in China: Spurring Invention and Driving Innovation in Health and Agriculture
by Zhang Liang Chen, Wangsheng Gao, Ji Xu

Show AbstractAbstract 17.4  Experiences from the European Union: Managing Intellectual Property Under the Sixth Framework Programme
by Alicia Blaya

Show AbstractAbstract 17.5  Current IP Management Issues for Health and Agriculture in India
by Kanikaram Satyanarayana

Show AbstractAbstract 17.6  Current Issues of IP Management for Health and Agriculture in Japan
by Junko Chapman, Kazuo N. Watanabe

Show AbstractAbstract 17.7  Technology Transfer in South African Public Research Institutions
by Rosemary Wolson

Show AbstractAbstract 17.8  The New American University and the Role of “Technology Translation”: The Approach of Arizona State University
by Peter J. Slate

Show AbstractAbstract 17.9  IP Management at Chinese Universities
by Hua Guo

Show AbstractAbstract 17.10  Application and Examples of Best Practices in IP Management: The Donald Danforth Plant Science Center
by Karel R. Schubert

Show AbstractAbstract 17.11  IP Management in the National Health Service in England
by Tony Bates

Show AbstractAbstract 17.12  Partnerships for Innovation and Global Health: NIH International Technology Transfer Activities
by Luis A. Salicrup, Mark L. Rohrbaugh

Show AbstractAbstract 17.13  The Making of a Licensing Legend: Stanford University’s Office of Technology Licensing
by Nigel Page

Show AbstractAbstract 17.14  Technology Transfer at the University of California
by Alan B. Bennett, Michael Carriere

Show AbstractAbstract 17.15  Intellectual Property and Technology Transfer by the University of California Agricultural Experiment Station
by Gregory D. Graff, Alan B. Bennett

Show AbstractAbstract 17.16  From University to Industry: Technology Transfer at Unicamp in Brazil
by Rosana Ceron Di Giorgio

Show AbstractAbstract 17.17  How Public–Private Partnerships Handle Intellectual Property: The PATH Experience
by Steve Brooke, Claudia M. Harner-Jay, Heidi Lasher, Erica Jacoby

Show AbstractAbstract 17.18  The African Agricultural Technology Foundation Approach to IP Management
by Richard Y. Boadi, Mpoko Bokanga

Show AbstractAbstract 17.19  Pragmatic and Principled: DNDi’s Approach to IP Management
by Jaya Banerji, Bernard Pecoul

Show AbstractAbstract 17.20  From Science to Market: Transferring Standards Certification Know-How from ICIPE to Africert Ltd.
by Peter Munyi, Ruth Nyagah

Show AbstractAbstract 17.21  Patent Consolidation and Equitable Access: PATH’s Malaria Vaccines
by Sandra L. Shotwell

Show AbstractAbstract 17.22  Lessons from the Commercialization of the Cohen-Boyer Patents: The Stanford University Licensing Program
by Maryann P. Feldman, Alessandra Colaianni, Connie Kang Liu

Show AbstractAbstract 17.23  Specific IP Issues with Molecular Pharming: Case Study of Plant-Derived Vaccines
by Anatole Krattiger, Richard T. Mahoney

Show AbstractAbstract 17.24  How Intellectual Property and Plant Breeding Come Together: Corn as a Case Study for Breeders and Research Managers
by Vernon Gracen

Show AbstractAbstract 17.25  Successful Commercialization of Insect-Resistant Eggplant by a Public–Private Partnership: Reaching and Benefiting Resource-Poor Farmers
by Akshat Medakker, Vijay Vijayaraghavan

Show AbstractAbstract 17.26  The University of California’s Strawberry Licensing Program
by Alan B. Bennett, Michael Carriere

Show AbstractAbstract 17.27  The IP Management of the PRSV-Resistant Papayas Developed by Cornell University and the University of Hawaii and Commercialized in Hawaii
by Michael Goldman

Show AbstractAbstract 17.28  Fundación Chile: Technology Transfer for Somatic Embryogenesis of Grapes
by Carlos Fernandez

Related Chapters       Show All AbstractsShow All Abstracts

Show AbstractAbstract Agreements: A Review of Essential Tools of IP Management
by Richard T. Mahoney, Anatole Krattiger

Show AbstractAbstract Building Product Innovation Capability in Health
by Richard T. Mahoney

Show AbstractAbstract Compulsory Licensing: How to Gain Access to Patented Technology
by Carlos María Correa

Show AbstractAbstract Defensive Publishing and the Public Domain
by Sara Boettiger, Cecilia Chi-Ham

Show AbstractAbstract Developing Countries and TRIPS: What Next?
by Robert Eiss, Richard T. Mahoney, Kanikaram Satyanarayana

Show AbstractAbstract Ensuring Developing-Country Access to New Inventions: The Role of Patents and the Power of Public Sector Research Institutions
by Lita Nelsen, Anatole Krattiger

Show AbstractAbstract Ensuring Global Access through Effective IP Management: Strategies of Product-Development Partnerships
by Robert Eiss, Kathi E. Hanna, Richard T. Mahoney

Show AbstractAbstract Facilitating Humanitarian Access to Pharmaceutical and Agricultural Innovation
by Amanda L. Brewster, Stephen A. Hansen, Audrey R. Chapman

Show AbstractAbstract Freedom to Operate, Public Sector Research, and Product-Development Partnerships: Strategies and Risk-Management Options
by Anatole Krattiger

Show AbstractAbstract A Guide to International Patent Protection
by Ann S. Viksnins, Ann M. Mccrackin

Show AbstractAbstract IP Management Policy: A Donor’s Perspective
by Zoë Ballantyne, Daniel Nelki

Show AbstractAbstract Making the Most of Intellectual Property: Developing an Institutional IP Policy
by Stanley P. Kowalski

Show AbstractAbstract Open Source Licensing
by Janet Hope

Show AbstractAbstract Patenting and Licensing Research Tools
by Charles Clift

Show AbstractAbstract Product Development and IP Strategies for Global Health Product Development Partnerships
by Sandra L. Shotwell

Show AbstractAbstract Public Sector IP Management in the Life Sciences: Reconciling Practice and Policy—Perspectives from WIPO
by Antony Taubman, Roya Ghafele

Show AbstractAbstract Reservation of Rights for Humanitarian Uses
by Alan B. Bennett

Show AbstractAbstract The Role of IP Management in Health and Agricultural Innovation
by Richard T. Mahoney, Anatole Krattiger

Show AbstractAbstract The Use of Nonassertion Covenants: A Tool to Facilitate Humanitarian Licensing, Manage Liability, and Foster Global Access
by Anatole Krattiger

Show AbstractAbstract Using Milestones in Healthcare Product Licensing Deals to Ensure Access in Developing Countries
by Joachim Oehler

Show AbstractAbstract Valuation and Licensing in Global Health
by Ashley J. Stevens

FreeMarker template error!


Method public org.iphandbook.util.LatestCommentsWrapper org.iphandbook.action.IPHSupport.getLatestComments() threw an exception when invoked on org.iphandbook.action.IPHSupport@772b9bd0
The problematic instruction:
----------
==> assignment: lcw=action.getLatestComments() [on line 3, column 1 in handbook/ch17/*/comments_latest]
 in include "comments_latest" [on line 71, column 1 in handbook/ch17/*/bodycontent]
 in include "bodycontent" [on line 2, column 1 in handbook/ch17/*/content]
 in include "content" [on line 42, column 1 in handbook/ch17/*/page_shell.ftl]
 in include "*/page_shell.ftl" [on line 1, column 1 in handbook/ch17/index.html]
----------

Java backtrace for programmers:
----------
freemarker.template.TemplateModelException: Method public org.iphandbook.util.LatestCommentsWrapper org.iphandbook.action.IPHSupport.getLatestComments() threw an exception when invoked on org.iphandbook.action.IPHSupport@772b9bd0
	at freemarker.ext.beans.SimpleMethodModel.exec(SimpleMethodModel.java:130)
	at freemarker.core.MethodCall._getAsTemplateModel(MethodCall.java:93)
	at freemarker.core.Expression.getAsTemplateModel(Expression.java:89)
	at freemarker.core.Assignment.accept(Assignment.java:90)
	at freemarker.core.Environment.visit(Environment.java:209)
	at freemarker.core.MixedContent.accept(MixedContent.java:92)
	at freemarker.core.Environment.visit(Environment.java:209)
	at freemarker.core.Environment.include(Environment.java:1482)
	at freemarker.core.Include.accept(Include.java:169)
	at freemarker.core.Environment.visit(Environment.java:209)
	at freemarker.core.MixedContent.accept(MixedContent.java:92)
	at freemarker.core.Environment.visit(Environment.java:209)
	at freemarker.core.Environment.include(Environment.java:1482)
	at freemarker.core.Include.accept(Include.java:169)
	at freemarker.core.Environment.visit(Environment.java:209)
	at freemarker.core.MixedContent.accept(MixedContent.java:92)
	at freemarker.core.Environment.visit(Environment.java:209)
	at freemarker.core.Environment.include(Environment.java:1482)
	at freemarker.core.Include.accept(Include.java:169)
	at freemarker.core.Environment.visit(Environment.java:209)
	at freemarker.core.MixedContent.accept(MixedContent.java:92)
	at freemarker.core.Environment.visit(Environment.java:209)
	at freemarker.core.Environment.include(Environment.java:1482)
	at freemarker.core.Include.accept(Include.java:169)
	at freemarker.core.Environment.visit(Environment.java:209)
	at freemarker.core.Environment.process(Environment.java:189)
	at freemarker.template.Template.process(Template.java:237)
	at org.apache.struts2.views.freemarker.FreemarkerResult.doExecute(FreemarkerResult.java:215)
	at org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.StrutsResultSupport.execute(StrutsResultSupport.java:186)
	at com.opensymphony.xwork2.DefaultActionInvocation.executeResult(DefaultActionInvocation.java:371)
	at com.opensymphony.xwork2.DefaultActionInvocation.invoke(DefaultActionInvocation.java:275)
	at org.apache.struts2.interceptor.CookieInterceptor.intercept(CookieInterceptor.java:253)
	at com.opensymphony.xwork2.DefaultActionInvocation.invoke(DefaultActionInvocation.java:246)
	at org.apache.struts2.interceptor.DeprecationInterceptor.intercept(DeprecationInterceptor.java:41)
	at com.opensymphony.xwork2.DefaultActionInvocation.invoke(DefaultActionInvocation.java:246)
	at org.apache.struts2.interceptor.debugging.DebuggingInterceptor.intercept(DebuggingInterceptor.java:256)
	at com.opensymphony.xwork2.DefaultActionInvocation.invoke(DefaultActionInvocation.java:246)
	at com.opensymphony.xwork2.interceptor.DefaultWorkflowInterceptor.doIntercept(DefaultWorkflowInterceptor.java:167)
	at com.opensymphony.xwork2.interceptor.MethodFilterInterceptor.intercept(MethodFilterInterceptor.java:98)
	at com.opensymphony.xwork2.DefaultActionInvocation.invoke(DefaultActionInvocation.java:246)
	at com.opensymphony.xwork2.validator.ValidationInterceptor.doIntercept(ValidationInterceptor.java:265)
	at org.apache.struts2.interceptor.validation.AnnotationValidationInterceptor.doIntercept(AnnotationValidationInterceptor.java:68)
	at com.opensymphony.xwork2.interceptor.MethodFilterInterceptor.intercept(MethodFilterInterceptor.java:98)
	at com.opensymphony.xwork2.DefaultActionInvocation.invoke(DefaultActionInvocation.java:246)
	at com.opensymphony.xwork2.interceptor.ConversionErrorInterceptor.intercept(ConversionErrorInterceptor.java:138)
	at com.opensymphony.xwork2.DefaultActionInvocation.invoke(DefaultActionInvocation.java:246)
	at com.opensymphony.xwork2.interceptor.ParametersInterceptor.doIntercept(ParametersInterceptor.java:254)
	at com.opensymphony.xwork2.interceptor.MethodFilterInterceptor.intercept(MethodFilterInterceptor.java:98)
	at com.opensymphony.xwork2.DefaultActionInvocation.invoke(DefaultActionInvocation.java:246)
	at com.opensymphony.xwork2.interceptor.ParametersInterceptor.doIntercept(ParametersInterceptor.java:254)
	at com.opensymphony.xwork2.interceptor.MethodFilterInterceptor.intercept(MethodFilterInterceptor.java:98)
	at com.opensymphony.xwork2.DefaultActionInvocation.invoke(DefaultActionInvocation.java:246)
	at com.opensymphony.xwork2.interceptor.StaticParametersInterceptor.intercept(StaticParametersInterceptor.java:191)
	at com.opensymphony.xwork2.DefaultActionInvocation.invoke(DefaultActionInvocation.java:246)
	at org.apache.struts2.interceptor.MultiselectInterceptor.intercept(MultiselectInterceptor.java:73)
	at com.opensymphony.xwork2.DefaultActionInvocation.invoke(DefaultActionInvocation.java:246)
	at org.apache.struts2.interceptor.CheckboxInterceptor.intercept(CheckboxInterceptor.java:91)
	at com.opensymphony.xwork2.DefaultActionInvocation.invoke(DefaultActionInvocation.java:246)
	at org.apache.struts2.interceptor.FileUploadInterceptor.intercept(FileUploadInterceptor.java:252)
	at com.opensymphony.xwork2.DefaultActionInvocation.invoke(DefaultActionInvocation.java:246)
	at com.opensymphony.xwork2.interceptor.ModelDrivenInterceptor.intercept(ModelDrivenInterceptor.java:100)
	at com.opensymphony.xwork2.DefaultActionInvocation.invoke(DefaultActionInvocation.java:246)
	at com.opensymphony.xwork2.interceptor.ScopedModelDrivenInterceptor.intercept(ScopedModelDrivenInterceptor.java:141)
	at com.opensymphony.xwork2.DefaultActionInvocation.invoke(DefaultActionInvocation.java:246)
	at com.opensymphony.xwork2.interceptor.ChainingInterceptor.intercept(ChainingInterceptor.java:145)
	at com.opensymphony.xwork2.DefaultActionInvocation.invoke(DefaultActionInvocation.java:246)
	at com.opensymphony.xwork2.interceptor.PrepareInterceptor.doIntercept(PrepareInterceptor.java:171)
	at com.opensymphony.xwork2.interceptor.MethodFilterInterceptor.intercept(MethodFilterInterceptor.java:98)
	at com.opensymphony.xwork2.DefaultActionInvocation.invoke(DefaultActionInvocation.java:246)
	at com.opensymphony.xwork2.interceptor.I18nInterceptor.intercept(I18nInterceptor.java:139)
	at com.opensymphony.xwork2.DefaultActionInvocation.invoke(DefaultActionInvocation.java:246)
	at org.apache.struts2.interceptor.ServletConfigInterceptor.intercept(ServletConfigInterceptor.java:164)
	at com.opensymphony.xwork2.DefaultActionInvocation.invoke(DefaultActionInvocation.java:246)
	at com.opensymphony.xwork2.interceptor.AliasInterceptor.intercept(AliasInterceptor.java:193)
	at com.opensymphony.xwork2.DefaultActionInvocation.invoke(DefaultActionInvocation.java:246)
	at com.opensymphony.xwork2.interceptor.ExceptionMappingInterceptor.intercept(ExceptionMappingInterceptor.java:189)
	at com.opensymphony.xwork2.DefaultActionInvocation.invoke(DefaultActionInvocation.java:246)
	at org.apache.struts2.interceptor.CreateSessionInterceptor.intercept(CreateSessionInterceptor.java:101)
	at com.opensymphony.xwork2.DefaultActionInvocation.invoke(DefaultActionInvocation.java:246)
	at org.apache.struts2.impl.StrutsActionProxy.execute(StrutsActionProxy.java:54)
	at org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.Dispatcher.serviceAction(Dispatcher.java:562)
	at org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.ng.ExecuteOperations.executeAction(ExecuteOperations.java:77)
	at org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.ng.filter.StrutsPrepareAndExecuteFilter.doFilter(StrutsPrepareAndExecuteFilter.java:99)
	at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.internalDoFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:235)
	at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.doFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:206)
	at org.tuckey.web.filters.urlrewrite.UrlRewriteFilter.doFilter(UrlRewriteFilter.java:738)
	at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.internalDoFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:235)
	at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.doFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:206)
	at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardWrapperValve.invoke(StandardWrapperValve.java:233)
	at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContextValve.invoke(StandardContextValve.java:175)
	at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardHostValve.invoke(StandardHostValve.java:128)
	at org.apache.catalina.valves.ErrorReportValve.invoke(ErrorReportValve.java:102)
	at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardEngineValve.invoke(StandardEngineValve.java:109)
	at org.apache.catalina.connector.CoyoteAdapter.service(CoyoteAdapter.java:263)
	at org.apache.coyote.http11.Http11Processor.process(Http11Processor.java:844)
	at org.apache.coyote.http11.Http11Protocol$Http11ConnectionHandler.process(Http11Protocol.java:584)
	at org.apache.tomcat.util.net.JIoEndpoint$Worker.run(JIoEndpoint.java:447)
	at java.lang.Thread.run(Thread.java:722)
Caused by: org.springframework.jdbc.CannotGetJdbcConnectionException: Could not get JDBC Connection; nested exception is org.postgresql.util.PSQLException: Connection refused. Check that the hostname and port are correct and that the postmaster is accepting TCP/IP connections.
	at org.springframework.jdbc.datasource.DataSourceUtils.getConnection(DataSourceUtils.java:82)
	at org.springframework.jdbc.core.JdbcTemplate.execute(JdbcTemplate.java:523)
	at org.springframework.jdbc.core.JdbcTemplate.query(JdbcTemplate.java:587)
	at org.springframework.jdbc.core.JdbcTemplate.query(JdbcTemplate.java:616)
	at org.springframework.jdbc.core.JdbcTemplate.query(JdbcTemplate.java:632)
	at org.springframework.jdbc.core.JdbcTemplate.query(JdbcTemplate.java:640)
	at org.iphandbook.dao.TopicDaoJdbc.getTopicsForForum(Unknown Source)
	at org.iphandbook.util.JForumUtil.getLatestCommentsWrapper(Unknown Source)
	at org.iphandbook.action.IPHSupport.getLatestComments(Unknown Source)
	at sun.reflect.GeneratedMethodAccessor61.invoke(Unknown Source)
	at sun.reflect.DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.java:43)
	at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Method.java:601)
	at freemarker.ext.beans.BeansWrapper.invokeMethod(BeansWrapper.java:840)
	at freemarker.ext.beans.SimpleMethodModel.exec(SimpleMethodModel.java:106)
	... 97 more
Caused by: org.postgresql.util.PSQLException: Connection refused. Check that the hostname and port are correct and that the postmaster is accepting TCP/IP connections.
	at org.postgresql.core.v3.ConnectionFactoryImpl.openConnectionImpl(ConnectionFactoryImpl.java:136)
	at org.postgresql.core.ConnectionFactory.openConnection(ConnectionFactory.java:66)
	at org.postgresql.jdbc2.AbstractJdbc2Connection.<init>(AbstractJdbc2Connection.java:125)
	at org.postgresql.jdbc3.AbstractJdbc3Connection.<init>(AbstractJdbc3Connection.java:30)
	at org.postgresql.jdbc3g.AbstractJdbc3gConnection.<init>(AbstractJdbc3gConnection.java:22)
	at org.postgresql.jdbc4.AbstractJdbc4Connection.<init>(AbstractJdbc4Connection.java:30)
	at org.postgresql.jdbc4.Jdbc4Connection.<init>(Jdbc4Connection.java:24)
	at org.postgresql.Driver.makeConnection(Driver.java:393)
	at org.postgresql.Driver.connect(Driver.java:267)
	at org.apache.commons.dbcp.DriverConnectionFactory.createConnection(DriverConnectionFactory.java:38)
	at org.apache.commons.dbcp.PoolableConnectionFactory.makeObject(PoolableConnectionFactory.java:294)
	at org.apache.commons.pool.impl.GenericObjectPool.borrowObject(GenericObjectPool.java:1147)
	at org.apache.commons.dbcp.PoolingDataSource.getConnection(PoolingDataSource.java:96)
	at org.apache.commons.dbcp.BasicDataSource.getConnection(BasicDataSource.java:880)
	at org.springframework.jdbc.datasource.DataSourceUtils.doGetConnection(DataSourceUtils.java:113)
	at org.springframework.jdbc.datasource.DataSourceUtils.getConnection(DataSourceUtils.java:79)
	... 110 more
Caused by: java.net.ConnectException: Connection refused
	at java.net.PlainSocketImpl.socketConnect(Native Method)
	at java.net.AbstractPlainSocketImpl.doConnect(AbstractPlainSocketImpl.java:339)
	at java.net.AbstractPlainSocketImpl.connectToAddress(AbstractPlainSocketImpl.java:200)
	at java.net.AbstractPlainSocketImpl.connect(AbstractPlainSocketImpl.java:182)
	at java.net.SocksSocketImpl.connect(SocksSocketImpl.java:391)
	at java.net.Socket.connect(Socket.java:579)
	at java.net.Socket.connect(Socket.java:528)
	at java.net.Socket.<init>(Socket.java:425)
	at java.net.Socket.<init>(Socket.java:208)
	at org.postgresql.core.PGStream.<init>(PGStream.java:62)
	at org.postgresql.core.v3.ConnectionFactoryImpl.openConnectionImpl(ConnectionFactoryImpl.java:76)
	... 125 more
Struts Problem Report

Struts Problem Report

Struts has detected an unhandled exception:

Messages:
  1. Connection refused
  2. Connection refused. Check that the hostname and port are correct and that the postmaster is accepting TCP/IP connections.
  3. Could not get JDBC Connection; nested exception is org.postgresql.util.PSQLException: Connection refused. Check that the hostname and port are correct and that the postmaster is accepting TCP/IP connections.
  4. Method public org.iphandbook.util.LatestCommentsWrapper org.iphandbook.action.IPHSupport.getLatestComments() threw an exception when invoked on org.iphandbook.action.IPHSupport@772b9bd0
File: org/postgresql/core/v3/ConnectionFactoryImpl.java
Line number: 136

Stacktraces

freemarker.template.TemplateModelException: Method public org.iphandbook.util.LatestCommentsWrapper org.iphandbook.action.IPHSupport.getLatestComments() threw an exception when invoked on org.iphandbook.action.IPHSupport@772b9bd0
    freemarker.ext.beans.SimpleMethodModel.exec(SimpleMethodModel.java:130)
    freemarker.core.MethodCall._getAsTemplateModel(MethodCall.java:93)
    freemarker.core.Expression.getAsTemplateModel(Expression.java:89)
    freemarker.core.Assignment.accept(Assignment.java:90)
    freemarker.core.Environment.visit(Environment.java:209)
    freemarker.core.MixedContent.accept(MixedContent.java:92)
    freemarker.core.Environment.visit(Environment.java:209)
    freemarker.core.Environment.include(Environment.java:1482)
    freemarker.core.Include.accept(Include.java:169)
    freemarker.core.Environment.visit(Environment.java:209)
    freemarker.core.MixedContent.accept(MixedContent.java:92)
    freemarker.core.Environment.visit(Environment.java:209)
    freemarker.core.Environment.include(Environment.java:1482)
    freemarker.core.Include.accept(Include.java:169)
    freemarker.core.Environment.visit(Environment.java:209)
    freemarker.core.MixedContent.accept(MixedContent.java:92)
    freemarker.core.Environment.visit(Environment.java:209)
    freemarker.core.Environment.include(Environment.java:1482)
    freemarker.core.Include.accept(Include.java:169)
    freemarker.core.Environment.visit(Environment.java:209)
    freemarker.core.MixedContent.accept(MixedContent.java:92)
    freemarker.core.Environment.visit(Environment.java:209)
    freemarker.core.Environment.include(Environment.java:1482)
    freemarker.core.Include.accept(Include.java:169)
    freemarker.core.Environment.visit(Environment.java:209)
    freemarker.core.Environment.process(Environment.java:189)
    freemarker.template.Template.process(Template.java:237)
    org.apache.struts2.views.freemarker.FreemarkerResult.doExecute(FreemarkerResult.java:215)
    org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.StrutsResultSupport.execute(StrutsResultSupport.java:186)
    com.opensymphony.xwork2.DefaultActionInvocation.executeResult(DefaultActionInvocation.java:371)
    com.opensymphony.xwork2.DefaultActionInvocation.invoke(DefaultActionInvocation.java:275)
    org.apache.struts2.interceptor.CookieInterceptor.intercept(CookieInterceptor.java:253)
    com.opensymphony.xwork2.DefaultActionInvocation.invoke(DefaultActionInvocation.java:246)
    org.apache.struts2.interceptor.DeprecationInterceptor.intercept(DeprecationInterceptor.java:41)
    com.opensymphony.xwork2.DefaultActionInvocation.invoke(DefaultActionInvocation.java:246)
    org.apache.struts2.interceptor.debugging.DebuggingInterceptor.intercept(DebuggingInterceptor.java:256)
    com.opensymphony.xwork2.DefaultActionInvocation.invoke(DefaultActionInvocation.java:246)
    com.opensymphony.xwork2.interceptor.DefaultWorkflowInterceptor.doIntercept(DefaultWorkflowInterceptor.java:167)
    com.opensymphony.xwork2.interceptor.MethodFilterInterceptor.intercept(MethodFilterInterceptor.java:98)
    com.opensymphony.xwork2.DefaultActionInvocation.invoke(DefaultActionInvocation.java:246)
    com.opensymphony.xwork2.validator.ValidationInterceptor.doIntercept(ValidationInterceptor.java:265)
    org.apache.struts2.interceptor.validation.AnnotationValidationInterceptor.doIntercept(AnnotationValidationInterceptor.java:68)
    com.opensymphony.xwork2.interceptor.MethodFilterInterceptor.intercept(MethodFilterInterceptor.java:98)
    com.opensymphony.xwork2.DefaultActionInvocation.invoke(DefaultActionInvocation.java:246)
    com.opensymphony.xwork2.interceptor.ConversionErrorInterceptor.intercept(ConversionErrorInterceptor.java:138)
    com.opensymphony.xwork2.DefaultActionInvocation.invoke(DefaultActionInvocation.java:246)
    com.opensymphony.xwork2.interceptor.ParametersInterceptor.doIntercept(ParametersInterceptor.java:254)
    com.opensymphony.xwork2.interceptor.MethodFilterInterceptor.intercept(MethodFilterInterceptor.java:98)
    com.opensymphony.xwork2.DefaultActionInvocation.invoke(DefaultActionInvocation.java:246)
    com.opensymphony.xwork2.interceptor.ParametersInterceptor.doIntercept(ParametersInterceptor.java:254)
    com.opensymphony.xwork2.interceptor.MethodFilterInterceptor.intercept(MethodFilterInterceptor.java:98)
    com.opensymphony.xwork2.DefaultActionInvocation.invoke(DefaultActionInvocation.java:246)
    com.opensymphony.xwork2.interceptor.StaticParametersInterceptor.intercept(StaticParametersInterceptor.java:191)
    com.opensymphony.xwork2.DefaultActionInvocation.invoke(DefaultActionInvocation.java:246)
    org.apache.struts2.interceptor.MultiselectInterceptor.intercept(MultiselectInterceptor.java:73)
    com.opensymphony.xwork2.DefaultActionInvocation.invoke(DefaultActionInvocation.java:246)
    org.apache.struts2.interceptor.CheckboxInterceptor.intercept(CheckboxInterceptor.java:91)
    com.opensymphony.xwork2.DefaultActionInvocation.invoke(DefaultActionInvocation.java:246)
    org.apache.struts2.interceptor.FileUploadInterceptor.intercept(FileUploadInterceptor.java:252)
    com.opensymphony.xwork2.DefaultActionInvocation.invoke(DefaultActionInvocation.java:246)
    com.opensymphony.xwork2.interceptor.ModelDrivenInterceptor.intercept(ModelDrivenInterceptor.java:100)
    com.opensymphony.xwork2.DefaultActionInvocation.invoke(DefaultActionInvocation.java:246)
    com.opensymphony.xwork2.interceptor.ScopedModelDrivenInterceptor.intercept(ScopedModelDrivenInterceptor.java:141)
    com.opensymphony.xwork2.DefaultActionInvocation.invoke(DefaultActionInvocation.java:246)
    com.opensymphony.xwork2.interceptor.ChainingInterceptor.intercept(ChainingInterceptor.java:145)
    com.opensymphony.xwork2.DefaultActionInvocation.invoke(DefaultActionInvocation.java:246)
    com.opensymphony.xwork2.interceptor.PrepareInterceptor.doIntercept(PrepareInterceptor.java:171)
    com.opensymphony.xwork2.interceptor.MethodFilterInterceptor.intercept(MethodFilterInterceptor.java:98)
    com.opensymphony.xwork2.DefaultActionInvocation.invoke(DefaultActionInvocation.java:246)
    com.opensymphony.xwork2.interceptor.I18nInterceptor.intercept(I18nInterceptor.java:139)
    com.opensymphony.xwork2.DefaultActionInvocation.invoke(DefaultActionInvocation.java:246)
    org.apache.struts2.interceptor.ServletConfigInterceptor.intercept(ServletConfigInterceptor.java:164)
    com.opensymphony.xwork2.DefaultActionInvocation.invoke(DefaultActionInvocation.java:246)
    com.opensymphony.xwork2.interceptor.AliasInterceptor.intercept(AliasInterceptor.java:193)
    com.opensymphony.xwork2.DefaultActionInvocation.invoke(DefaultActionInvocation.java:246)
    com.opensymphony.xwork2.interceptor.ExceptionMappingInterceptor.intercept(ExceptionMappingInterceptor.java:189)
    com.opensymphony.xwork2.DefaultActionInvocation.invoke(DefaultActionInvocation.java:246)
    org.apache.struts2.interceptor.CreateSessionInterceptor.intercept(CreateSessionInterceptor.java:101)
    com.opensymphony.xwork2.DefaultActionInvocation.invoke(DefaultActionInvocation.java:246)
    org.apache.struts2.impl.StrutsActionProxy.execute(StrutsActionProxy.java:54)
    org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.Dispatcher.serviceAction(Dispatcher.java:562)
    org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.ng.ExecuteOperations.executeAction(ExecuteOperations.java:77)
    org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.ng.filter.StrutsPrepareAndExecuteFilter.doFilter(StrutsPrepareAndExecuteFilter.java:99)
    org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.internalDoFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:235)
    org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.doFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:206)
    org.tuckey.web.filters.urlrewrite.UrlRewriteFilter.doFilter(UrlRewriteFilter.java:738)
    org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.internalDoFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:235)
    org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.doFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:206)
    org.apache.catalina.core.StandardWrapperValve.invoke(StandardWrapperValve.java:233)
    org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContextValve.invoke(StandardContextValve.java:175)
    org.apache.catalina.core.StandardHostValve.invoke(StandardHostValve.java:128)
    org.apache.catalina.valves.ErrorReportValve.invoke(ErrorReportValve.java:102)
    org.apache.catalina.core.StandardEngineValve.invoke(StandardEngineValve.java:109)
    org.apache.catalina.connector.CoyoteAdapter.service(CoyoteAdapter.java:263)
    org.apache.coyote.http11.Http11Processor.process(Http11Processor.java:844)
    org.apache.coyote.http11.Http11Protocol$Http11ConnectionHandler.process(Http11Protocol.java:584)
    org.apache.tomcat.util.net.JIoEndpoint$Worker.run(JIoEndpoint.java:447)
    java.lang.Thread.run(Thread.java:722)
    
org.springframework.jdbc.CannotGetJdbcConnectionException: Could not get JDBC Connection; nested exception is org.postgresql.util.PSQLException: Connection refused. Check that the hostname and port are correct and that the postmaster is accepting TCP/IP connections.
    org.springframework.jdbc.datasource.DataSourceUtils.getConnection(DataSourceUtils.java:82)
    org.springframework.jdbc.core.JdbcTemplate.execute(JdbcTemplate.java:523)
    org.springframework.jdbc.core.JdbcTemplate.query(JdbcTemplate.java:587)
    org.springframework.jdbc.core.JdbcTemplate.query(JdbcTemplate.java:616)
    org.springframework.jdbc.core.JdbcTemplate.query(JdbcTemplate.java:632)
    org.springframework.jdbc.core.JdbcTemplate.query(JdbcTemplate.java:640)
    org.iphandbook.dao.TopicDaoJdbc.getTopicsForForum(Unknown Source)
    org.iphandbook.util.JForumUtil.getLatestCommentsWrapper(Unknown Source)
    org.iphandbook.action.IPHSupport.getLatestComments(Unknown Source)
    sun.reflect.GeneratedMethodAccessor61.invoke(Unknown Source)
    sun.reflect.DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.java:43)
    java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Method.java:601)
    freemarker.ext.beans.BeansWrapper.invokeMethod(BeansWrapper.java:840)
    freemarker.ext.beans.SimpleMethodModel.exec(SimpleMethodModel.java:106)
    freemarker.core.MethodCall._getAsTemplateModel(MethodCall.java:93)
    freemarker.core.Expression.getAsTemplateModel(Expression.java:89)
    freemarker.core.Assignment.accept(Assignment.java:90)
    freemarker.core.Environment.visit(Environment.java:209)
    freemarker.core.MixedContent.accept(MixedContent.java:92)
    freemarker.core.Environment.visit(Environment.java:209)
    freemarker.core.Environment.include(Environment.java:1482)
    freemarker.core.Include.accept(Include.java:169)
    freemarker.core.Environment.visit(Environment.java:209)
    freemarker.core.MixedContent.accept(MixedContent.java:92)
    freemarker.core.Environment.visit(Environment.java:209)
    freemarker.core.Environment.include(Environment.java:1482)
    freemarker.core.Include.accept(Include.java:169)
    freemarker.core.Environment.visit(Environment.java:209)
    freemarker.core.MixedContent.accept(MixedContent.java:92)
    freemarker.core.Environment.visit(Environment.java:209)
    freemarker.core.Environment.include(Environment.java:1482)
    freemarker.core.Include.accept(Include.java:169)
    freemarker.core.Environment.visit(Environment.java:209)
    freemarker.core.MixedContent.accept(MixedContent.java:92)
    freemarker.core.Environment.visit(Environment.java:209)
    freemarker.core.Environment.include(Environment.java:1482)
    freemarker.core.Include.accept(Include.java:169)
    freemarker.core.Environment.visit(Environment.java:209)
    freemarker.core.Environment.process(Environment.java:189)
    freemarker.template.Template.process(Template.java:237)
    org.apache.struts2.views.freemarker.FreemarkerResult.doExecute(FreemarkerResult.java:215)
    org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.StrutsResultSupport.execute(StrutsResultSupport.java:186)
    com.opensymphony.xwork2.DefaultActionInvocation.executeResult(DefaultActionInvocation.java:371)
    com.opensymphony.xwork2.DefaultActionInvocation.invoke(DefaultActionInvocation.java:275)
    org.apache.struts2.interceptor.CookieInterceptor.intercept(CookieInterceptor.java:253)
    com.opensymphony.xwork2.DefaultActionInvocation.invoke(DefaultActionInvocation.java:246)
    org.apache.struts2.interceptor.DeprecationInterceptor.intercept(DeprecationInterceptor.java:41)
    com.opensymphony.xwork2.DefaultActionInvocation.invoke(DefaultActionInvocation.java:246)
    org.apache.struts2.interceptor.debugging.DebuggingInterceptor.intercept(DebuggingInterceptor.java:256)
    com.opensymphony.xwork2.DefaultActionInvocation.invoke(DefaultActionInvocation.java:246)
    com.opensymphony.xwork2.interceptor.DefaultWorkflowInterceptor.doIntercept(DefaultWorkflowInterceptor.java:167)
    com.opensymphony.xwork2.interceptor.MethodFilterInterceptor.intercept(MethodFilterInterceptor.java:98)
    com.opensymphony.xwork2.DefaultActionInvocation.invoke(DefaultActionInvocation.java:246)
    com.opensymphony.xwork2.validator.ValidationInterceptor.doIntercept(ValidationInterceptor.java:265)
    org.apache.struts2.interceptor.validation.AnnotationValidationInterceptor.doIntercept(AnnotationValidationInterceptor.java:68)
    com.opensymphony.xwork2.interceptor.MethodFilterInterceptor.intercept(MethodFilterInterceptor.java:98)
    com.opensymphony.xwork2.DefaultActionInvocation.invoke(DefaultActionInvocation.java:246)
    com.opensymphony.xwork2.interceptor.ConversionErrorInterceptor.intercept(ConversionErrorInterceptor.java:138)
    com.opensymphony.xwork2.DefaultActionInvocation.invoke(DefaultActionInvocation.java:246)
    com.opensymphony.xwork2.interceptor.ParametersInterceptor.doIntercept(ParametersInterceptor.java:254)
    com.opensymphony.xwork2.interceptor.MethodFilterInterceptor.intercept(MethodFilterInterceptor.java:98)
    com.opensymphony.xwork2.DefaultActionInvocation.invoke(DefaultActionInvocation.java:246)
    com.opensymphony.xwork2.interceptor.ParametersInterceptor.doIntercept(ParametersInterceptor.java:254)
    com.opensymphony.xwork2.interceptor.MethodFilterInterceptor.intercept(MethodFilterInterceptor.java:98)
    com.opensymphony.xwork2.DefaultActionInvocation.invoke(DefaultActionInvocation.java:246)
    com.opensymphony.xwork2.interceptor.StaticParametersInterceptor.intercept(StaticParametersInterceptor.java:191)
    com.opensymphony.xwork2.DefaultActionInvocation.invoke(DefaultActionInvocation.java:246)
    org.apache.struts2.interceptor.MultiselectInterceptor.intercept(MultiselectInterceptor.java:73)
    com.opensymphony.xwork2.DefaultActionInvocation.invoke(DefaultActionInvocation.java:246)
    org.apache.struts2.interceptor.CheckboxInterceptor.intercept(CheckboxInterceptor.java:91)
    com.opensymphony.xwork2.DefaultActionInvocation.invoke(DefaultActionInvocation.java:246)
    org.apache.struts2.interceptor.FileUploadInterceptor.intercept(FileUploadInterceptor.java:252)
    com.opensymphony.xwork2.DefaultActionInvocation.invoke(DefaultActionInvocation.java:246)
    com.opensymphony.xwork2.interceptor.ModelDrivenInterceptor.intercept(ModelDrivenInterceptor.java:100)
    com.opensymphony.xwork2.DefaultActionInvocation.invoke(DefaultActionInvocation.java:246)
    com.opensymphony.xwork2.interceptor.ScopedModelDrivenInterceptor.intercept(ScopedModelDrivenInterceptor.java:141)
    com.opensymphony.xwork2.DefaultActionInvocation.invoke(DefaultActionInvocation.java:246)
    com.opensymphony.xwork2.interceptor.ChainingInterceptor.intercept(ChainingInterceptor.java:145)
    com.opensymphony.xwork2.DefaultActionInvocation.invoke(DefaultActionInvocation.java:246)
    com.opensymphony.xwork2.interceptor.PrepareInterceptor.doIntercept(PrepareInterceptor.java:171)
    com.opensymphony.xwork2.interceptor.MethodFilterInterceptor.intercept(MethodFilterInterceptor.java:98)
    com.opensymphony.xwork2.DefaultActionInvocation.invoke(DefaultActionInvocation.java:246)
    com.opensymphony.xwork2.interceptor.I18nInterceptor.intercept(I18nInterceptor.java:139)
    com.opensymphony.xwork2.DefaultActionInvocation.invoke(DefaultActionInvocation.java:246)
    org.apache.struts2.interceptor.ServletConfigInterceptor.intercept(ServletConfigInterceptor.java:164)
    com.opensymphony.xwork2.DefaultActionInvocation.invoke(DefaultActionInvocation.java:246)
    com.opensymphony.xwork2.interceptor.AliasInterceptor.intercept(AliasInterceptor.java:193)
    com.opensymphony.xwork2.DefaultActionInvocation.invoke(DefaultActionInvocation.java:246)
    com.opensymphony.xwork2.interceptor.ExceptionMappingInterceptor.intercept(ExceptionMappingInterceptor.java:189)
    com.opensymphony.xwork2.DefaultActionInvocation.invoke(DefaultActionInvocation.java:246)
    org.apache.struts2.interceptor.CreateSessionInterceptor.intercept(CreateSessionInterceptor.java:101)
    com.opensymphony.xwork2.DefaultActionInvocation.invoke(DefaultActionInvocation.java:246)
    org.apache.struts2.impl.StrutsActionProxy.execute(StrutsActionProxy.java:54)
    org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.Dispatcher.serviceAction(Dispatcher.java:562)
    org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.ng.ExecuteOperations.executeAction(ExecuteOperations.java:77)
    org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.ng.filter.StrutsPrepareAndExecuteFilter.doFilter(StrutsPrepareAndExecuteFilter.java:99)
    org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.internalDoFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:235)
    org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.doFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:206)
    org.tuckey.web.filters.urlrewrite.UrlRewriteFilter.doFilter(UrlRewriteFilter.java:738)
    org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.internalDoFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:235)
    org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.doFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:206)
    org.apache.catalina.core.StandardWrapperValve.invoke(StandardWrapperValve.java:233)
    org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContextValve.invoke(StandardContextValve.java:175)
    org.apache.catalina.core.StandardHostValve.invoke(StandardHostValve.java:128)
    org.apache.catalina.valves.ErrorReportValve.invoke(ErrorReportValve.java:102)
    org.apache.catalina.core.StandardEngineValve.invoke(StandardEngineValve.java:109)
    org.apache.catalina.connector.CoyoteAdapter.service(CoyoteAdapter.java:263)
    org.apache.coyote.http11.Http11Processor.process(Http11Processor.java:844)
    org.apache.coyote.http11.Http11Protocol$Http11ConnectionHandler.process(Http11Protocol.java:584)
    org.apache.tomcat.util.net.JIoEndpoint$Worker.run(JIoEndpoint.java:447)
    java.lang.Thread.run(Thread.java:722)
    
org.postgresql.util.PSQLException: Connection refused. Check that the hostname and port are correct and that the postmaster is accepting TCP/IP connections.
    org.postgresql.core.v3.ConnectionFactoryImpl.openConnectionImpl(ConnectionFactoryImpl.java:136)
    org.postgresql.core.ConnectionFactory.openConnection(ConnectionFactory.java:66)
    org.postgresql.jdbc2.AbstractJdbc2Connection.(AbstractJdbc2Connection.java:125)
    org.postgresql.jdbc3.AbstractJdbc3Connection.(AbstractJdbc3Connection.java:30)
    org.postgresql.jdbc3g.AbstractJdbc3gConnection.(AbstractJdbc3gConnection.java:22)
    org.postgresql.jdbc4.AbstractJdbc4Connection.(AbstractJdbc4Connection.java:30)
    org.postgresql.jdbc4.Jdbc4Connection.(Jdbc4Connection.java:24)
    org.postgresql.Driver.makeConnection(Driver.java:393)
    org.postgresql.Driver.connect(Driver.java:267)
    org.apache.commons.dbcp.DriverConnectionFactory.createConnection(DriverConnectionFactory.java:38)
    org.apache.commons.dbcp.PoolableConnectionFactory.makeObject(PoolableConnectionFactory.java:294)
    org.apache.commons.pool.impl.GenericObjectPool.borrowObject(GenericObjectPool.java:1147)
    org.apache.commons.dbcp.PoolingDataSource.getConnection(PoolingDataSource.java:96)
    org.apache.commons.dbcp.BasicDataSource.getConnection(BasicDataSource.java:880)
    org.springframework.jdbc.datasource.DataSourceUtils.doGetConnection(DataSourceUtils.java:113)
    org.springframework.jdbc.datasource.DataSourceUtils.getConnection(DataSourceUtils.java:79)
    org.springframework.jdbc.core.JdbcTemplate.execute(JdbcTemplate.java:523)
    org.springframework.jdbc.core.JdbcTemplate.query(JdbcTemplate.java:587)
    org.springframework.jdbc.core.JdbcTemplate.query(JdbcTemplate.java:616)
    org.springframework.jdbc.core.JdbcTemplate.query(JdbcTemplate.java:632)
    org.springframework.jdbc.core.JdbcTemplate.query(JdbcTemplate.java:640)
    org.iphandbook.dao.TopicDaoJdbc.getTopicsForForum(Unknown Source)
    org.iphandbook.util.JForumUtil.getLatestCommentsWrapper(Unknown Source)
    org.iphandbook.action.IPHSupport.getLatestComments(Unknown Source)
    sun.reflect.GeneratedMethodAccessor61.invoke(Unknown Source)
    sun.reflect.DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.java:43)
    java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Method.java:601)
    freemarker.ext.beans.BeansWrapper.invokeMethod(BeansWrapper.java:840)
    freemarker.ext.beans.SimpleMethodModel.exec(SimpleMethodModel.java:106)
    freemarker.core.MethodCall._getAsTemplateModel(MethodCall.java:93)
    freemarker.core.Expression.getAsTemplateModel(Expression.java:89)
    freemarker.core.Assignment.accept(Assignment.java:90)
    freemarker.core.Environment.visit(Environment.java:209)
    freemarker.core.MixedContent.accept(MixedContent.java:92)
    freemarker.core.Environment.visit(Environment.java:209)
    freemarker.core.Environment.include(Environment.java:1482)
    freemarker.core.Include.accept(Include.java:169)
    freemarker.core.Environment.visit(Environment.java:209)
    freemarker.core.MixedContent.accept(MixedContent.java:92)
    freemarker.core.Environment.visit(Environment.java:209)
    freemarker.core.Environment.include(Environment.java:1482)
    freemarker.core.Include.accept(Include.java:169)
    freemarker.core.Environment.visit(Environment.java:209)
    freemarker.core.MixedContent.accept(MixedContent.java:92)
    freemarker.core.Environment.visit(Environment.java:209)
    freemarker.core.Environment.include(Environment.java:1482)
    freemarker.core.Include.accept(Include.java:169)
    freemarker.core.Environment.visit(Environment.java:209)
    freemarker.core.MixedContent.accept(MixedContent.java:92)
    freemarker.core.Environment.visit(Environment.java:209)
    freemarker.core.Environment.include(Environment.java:1482)
    freemarker.core.Include.accept(Include.java:169)
    freemarker.core.Environment.visit(Environment.java:209)
    freemarker.core.Environment.process(Environment.java:189)
    freemarker.template.Template.process(Template.java:237)
    org.apache.struts2.views.freemarker.FreemarkerResult.doExecute(FreemarkerResult.java:215)
    org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.StrutsResultSupport.execute(StrutsResultSupport.java:186)
    com.opensymphony.xwork2.DefaultActionInvocation.executeResult(DefaultActionInvocation.java:371)
    com.opensymphony.xwork2.DefaultActionInvocation.invoke(DefaultActionInvocation.java:275)
    org.apache.struts2.interceptor.CookieInterceptor.intercept(CookieInterceptor.java:253)
    com.opensymphony.xwork2.DefaultActionInvocation.invoke(DefaultActionInvocation.java:246)
    org.apache.struts2.interceptor.DeprecationInterceptor.intercept(DeprecationInterceptor.java:41)
    com.opensymphony.xwork2.DefaultActionInvocation.invoke(DefaultActionInvocation.java:246)
    org.apache.struts2.interceptor.debugging.DebuggingInterceptor.intercept(DebuggingInterceptor.java:256)
    com.opensymphony.xwork2.DefaultActionInvocation.invoke(DefaultActionInvocation.java:246)
    com.opensymphony.xwork2.interceptor.DefaultWorkflowInterceptor.doIntercept(DefaultWorkflowInterceptor.java:167)
    com.opensymphony.xwork2.interceptor.MethodFilterInterceptor.intercept(MethodFilterInterceptor.java:98)
    com.opensymphony.xwork2.DefaultActionInvocation.invoke(DefaultActionInvocation.java:246)
    com.opensymphony.xwork2.validator.ValidationInterceptor.doIntercept(ValidationInterceptor.java:265)
    org.apache.struts2.interceptor.validation.AnnotationValidationInterceptor.doIntercept(AnnotationValidationInterceptor.java:68)
    com.opensymphony.xwork2.interceptor.MethodFilterInterceptor.intercept(MethodFilterInterceptor.java:98)
    com.opensymphony.xwork2.DefaultActionInvocation.invoke(DefaultActionInvocation.java:246)
    com.opensymphony.xwork2.interceptor.ConversionErrorInterceptor.intercept(ConversionErrorInterceptor.java:138)
    com.opensymphony.xwork2.DefaultActionInvocation.invoke(DefaultActionInvocation.java:246)
    com.opensymphony.xwork2.interceptor.ParametersInterceptor.doIntercept(ParametersInterceptor.java:254)
    com.opensymphony.xwork2.interceptor.MethodFilterInterceptor.intercept(MethodFilterInterceptor.java:98)
    com.opensymphony.xwork2.DefaultActionInvocation.invoke(DefaultActionInvocation.java:246)
    com.opensymphony.xwork2.interceptor.ParametersInterceptor.doIntercept(ParametersInterceptor.java:254)
    com.opensymphony.xwork2.interceptor.MethodFilterInterceptor.intercept(MethodFilterInterceptor.java:98)
    com.opensymphony.xwork2.DefaultActionInvocation.invoke(DefaultActionInvocation.java:246)
    com.opensymphony.xwork2.interceptor.StaticParametersInterceptor.intercept(StaticParametersInterceptor.java:191)
    com.opensymphony.xwork2.DefaultActionInvocation.invoke(DefaultActionInvocation.java:246)
    org.apache.struts2.interceptor.MultiselectInterceptor.intercept(MultiselectInterceptor.java:73)
    com.opensymphony.xwork2.DefaultActionInvocation.invoke(DefaultActionInvocation.java:246)
    org.apache.struts2.interceptor.CheckboxInterceptor.intercept(CheckboxInterceptor.java:91)
    com.opensymphony.xwork2.DefaultActionInvocation.invoke(DefaultActionInvocation.java:246)
    org.apache.struts2.interceptor.FileUploadInterceptor.intercept(FileUploadInterceptor.java:252)
    com.opensymphony.xwork2.DefaultActionInvocation.invoke(DefaultActionInvocation.java:246)
    com.opensymphony.xwork2.interceptor.ModelDrivenInterceptor.intercept(ModelDrivenInterceptor.java:100)
    com.opensymphony.xwork2.DefaultActionInvocation.invoke(DefaultActionInvocation.java:246)
    com.opensymphony.xwork2.interceptor.ScopedModelDrivenInterceptor.intercept(ScopedModelDrivenInterceptor.java:141)
    com.opensymphony.xwork2.DefaultActionInvocation.invoke(DefaultActionInvocation.java:246)
    com.opensymphony.xwork2.interceptor.ChainingInterceptor.intercept(ChainingInterceptor.java:145)
    com.opensymphony.xwork2.DefaultActionInvocation.invoke(DefaultActionInvocation.java:246)
    com.opensymphony.xwork2.interceptor.PrepareInterceptor.doIntercept(PrepareInterceptor.java:171)
    com.opensymphony.xwork2.interceptor.MethodFilterInterceptor.intercept(MethodFilterInterceptor.java:98)
    com.opensymphony.xwork2.DefaultActionInvocation.invoke(DefaultActionInvocation.java:246)
    com.opensymphony.xwork2.interceptor.I18nInterceptor.intercept(I18nInterceptor.java:139)
    com.opensymphony.xwork2.DefaultActionInvocation.invoke(DefaultActionInvocation.java:246)
    org.apache.struts2.interceptor.ServletConfigInterceptor.intercept(ServletConfigInterceptor.java:164)
    com.opensymphony.xwork2.DefaultActionInvocation.invoke(DefaultActionInvocation.java:246)
    com.opensymphony.xwork2.interceptor.AliasInterceptor.intercept(AliasInterceptor.java:193)
    com.opensymphony.xwork2.DefaultActionInvocation.invoke(DefaultActionInvocation.java:246)
    com.opensymphony.xwork2.interceptor.ExceptionMappingInterceptor.intercept(ExceptionMappingInterceptor.java:189)
    com.opensymphony.xwork2.DefaultActionInvocation.invoke(DefaultActionInvocation.java:246)
    org.apache.struts2.interceptor.CreateSessionInterceptor.intercept(CreateSessionInterceptor.java:101)
    com.opensymphony.xwork2.DefaultActionInvocation.invoke(DefaultActionInvocation.java:246)
    org.apache.struts2.impl.StrutsActionProxy.execute(StrutsActionProxy.java:54)
    org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.Dispatcher.serviceAction(Dispatcher.java:562)
    org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.ng.ExecuteOperations.executeAction(ExecuteOperations.java:77)
    org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.ng.filter.StrutsPrepareAndExecuteFilter.doFilter(StrutsPrepareAndExecuteFilter.java:99)
    org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.internalDoFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:235)
    org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.doFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:206)
    org.tuckey.web.filters.urlrewrite.UrlRewriteFilter.doFilter(UrlRewriteFilter.java:738)
    org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.internalDoFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:235)
    org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.doFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:206)
    org.apache.catalina.core.StandardWrapperValve.invoke(StandardWrapperValve.java:233)
    org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContextValve.invoke(StandardContextValve.java:175)
    org.apache.catalina.core.StandardHostValve.invoke(StandardHostValve.java:128)
    org.apache.catalina.valves.ErrorReportValve.invoke(ErrorReportValve.java:102)
    org.apache.catalina.core.StandardEngineValve.invoke(StandardEngineValve.java:109)
    org.apache.catalina.connector.CoyoteAdapter.service(CoyoteAdapter.java:263)
    org.apache.coyote.http11.Http11Processor.process(Http11Processor.java:844)
    org.apache.coyote.http11.Http11Protocol$Http11ConnectionHandler.process(Http11Protocol.java:584)
    org.apache.tomcat.util.net.JIoEndpoint$Worker.run(JIoEndpoint.java:447)
    java.lang.Thread.run(Thread.java:722)
    
java.net.ConnectException: Connection refused
    java.net.PlainSocketImpl.socketConnect(Native Method)
    java.net.AbstractPlainSocketImpl.doConnect(AbstractPlainSocketImpl.java:339)
    java.net.AbstractPlainSocketImpl.connectToAddress(AbstractPlainSocketImpl.java:200)
    java.net.AbstractPlainSocketImpl.connect(AbstractPlainSocketImpl.java:182)
    java.net.SocksSocketImpl.connect(SocksSocketImpl.java:391)
    java.net.Socket.connect(Socket.java:579)
    java.net.Socket.connect(Socket.java:528)
    java.net.Socket.(Socket.java:425)
    java.net.Socket.(Socket.java:208)
    org.postgresql.core.PGStream.(PGStream.java:62)
    org.postgresql.core.v3.ConnectionFactoryImpl.openConnectionImpl(ConnectionFactoryImpl.java:76)
    org.postgresql.core.ConnectionFactory.openConnection(ConnectionFactory.java:66)
    org.postgresql.jdbc2.AbstractJdbc2Connection.(AbstractJdbc2Connection.java:125)
    org.postgresql.jdbc3.AbstractJdbc3Connection.(AbstractJdbc3Connection.java:30)
    org.postgresql.jdbc3g.AbstractJdbc3gConnection.(AbstractJdbc3gConnection.java:22)
    org.postgresql.jdbc4.AbstractJdbc4Connection.(AbstractJdbc4Connection.java:30)
    org.postgresql.jdbc4.Jdbc4Connection.(Jdbc4Connection.java:24)
    org.postgresql.Driver.makeConnection(Driver.java:393)
    org.postgresql.Driver.connect(Driver.java:267)
    org.apache.commons.dbcp.DriverConnectionFactory.createConnection(DriverConnectionFactory.java:38)
    org.apache.commons.dbcp.PoolableConnectionFactory.makeObject(PoolableConnectionFactory.java:294)
    org.apache.commons.pool.impl.GenericObjectPool.borrowObject(GenericObjectPool.java:1147)
    org.apache.commons.dbcp.PoolingDataSource.getConnection(PoolingDataSource.java:96)
    org.apache.commons.dbcp.BasicDataSource.getConnection(BasicDataSource.java:880)
    org.springframework.jdbc.datasource.DataSourceUtils.doGetConnection(DataSourceUtils.java:113)
    org.springframework.jdbc.datasource.DataSourceUtils.getConnection(DataSourceUtils.java:79)
    org.springframework.jdbc.core.JdbcTemplate.execute(JdbcTemplate.java:523)
    org.springframework.jdbc.core.JdbcTemplate.query(JdbcTemplate.java:587)
    org.springframework.jdbc.core.JdbcTemplate.query(JdbcTemplate.java:616)
    org.springframework.jdbc.core.JdbcTemplate.query(JdbcTemplate.java:632)
    org.springframework.jdbc.core.JdbcTemplate.query(JdbcTemplate.java:640)
    org.iphandbook.dao.TopicDaoJdbc.getTopicsForForum(Unknown Source)
    org.iphandbook.util.JForumUtil.getLatestCommentsWrapper(Unknown Source)
    org.iphandbook.action.IPHSupport.getLatestComments(Unknown Source)
    sun.reflect.GeneratedMethodAccessor61.invoke(Unknown Source)
    sun.reflect.DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.java:43)
    java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Method.java:601)
    freemarker.ext.beans.BeansWrapper.invokeMethod(BeansWrapper.java:840)
    freemarker.ext.beans.SimpleMethodModel.exec(SimpleMethodModel.java:106)
    freemarker.core.MethodCall._getAsTemplateModel(MethodCall.java:93)
    freemarker.core.Expression.getAsTemplateModel(Expression.java:89)
    freemarker.core.Assignment.accept(Assignment.java:90)
    freemarker.core.Environment.visit(Environment.java:209)
    freemarker.core.MixedContent.accept(MixedContent.java:92)
    freemarker.core.Environment.visit(Environment.java:209)
    freemarker.core.Environment.include(Environment.java:1482)
    freemarker.core.Include.accept(Include.java:169)
    freemarker.core.Environment.visit(Environment.java:209)
    freemarker.core.MixedContent.accept(MixedContent.java:92)
    freemarker.core.Environment.visit(Environment.java:209)
    freemarker.core.Environment.include(Environment.java:1482)
    freemarker.core.Include.accept(Include.java:169)
    freemarker.core.Environment.visit(Environment.java:209)
    freemarker.core.MixedContent.accept(MixedContent.java:92)
    freemarker.core.Environment.visit(Environment.java:209)
    freemarker.core.Environment.include(Environment.java:1482)
    freemarker.core.Include.accept(Include.java:169)
    freemarker.core.Environment.visit(Environment.java:209)
    freemarker.core.MixedContent.accept(MixedContent.java:92)
    freemarker.core.Environment.visit(Environment.java:209)
    freemarker.core.Environment.include(Environment.java:1482)
    freemarker.core.Include.accept(Include.java:169)
    freemarker.core.Environment.visit(Environment.java:209)
    freemarker.core.Environment.process(Environment.java:189)
    freemarker.template.Template.process(Template.java:237)
    org.apache.struts2.views.freemarker.FreemarkerResult.doExecute(FreemarkerResult.java:215)
    org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.StrutsResultSupport.execute(StrutsResultSupport.java:186)
    com.opensymphony.xwork2.DefaultActionInvocation.executeResult(DefaultActionInvocation.java:371)
    com.opensymphony.xwork2.DefaultActionInvocation.invoke(DefaultActionInvocation.java:275)
    org.apache.struts2.interceptor.CookieInterceptor.intercept(CookieInterceptor.java:253)
    com.opensymphony.xwork2.DefaultActionInvocation.invoke(DefaultActionInvocation.java:246)
    org.apache.struts2.interceptor.DeprecationInterceptor.intercept(DeprecationInterceptor.java:41)
    com.opensymphony.xwork2.DefaultActionInvocation.invoke(DefaultActionInvocation.java:246)
    org.apache.struts2.interceptor.debugging.DebuggingInterceptor.intercept(DebuggingInterceptor.java:256)
    com.opensymphony.xwork2.DefaultActionInvocation.invoke(DefaultActionInvocation.java:246)
    com.opensymphony.xwork2.interceptor.DefaultWorkflowInterceptor.doIntercept(DefaultWorkflowInterceptor.java:167)
    com.opensymphony.xwork2.interceptor.MethodFilterInterceptor.intercept(MethodFilterInterceptor.java:98)
    com.opensymphony.xwork2.DefaultActionInvocation.invoke(DefaultActionInvocation.java:246)
    com.opensymphony.xwork2.validator.ValidationInterceptor.doIntercept(ValidationInterceptor.java:265)
    org.apache.struts2.interceptor.validation.AnnotationValidationInterceptor.doIntercept(AnnotationValidationInterceptor.java:68)
    com.opensymphony.xwork2.interceptor.MethodFilterInterceptor.intercept(MethodFilterInterceptor.java:98)
    com.opensymphony.xwork2.DefaultActionInvocation.invoke(DefaultActionInvocation.java:246)
    com.opensymphony.xwork2.interceptor.ConversionErrorInterceptor.intercept(ConversionErrorInterceptor.java:138)
    com.opensymphony.xwork2.DefaultActionInvocation.invoke(DefaultActionInvocation.java:246)
    com.opensymphony.xwork2.interceptor.ParametersInterceptor.doIntercept(ParametersInterceptor.java:254)
    com.opensymphony.xwork2.interceptor.MethodFilterInterceptor.intercept(MethodFilterInterceptor.java:98)
    com.opensymphony.xwork2.DefaultActionInvocation.invoke(DefaultActionInvocation.java:246)
    com.opensymphony.xwork2.interceptor.ParametersInterceptor.doIntercept(ParametersInterceptor.java:254)
    com.opensymphony.xwork2.interceptor.MethodFilterInterceptor.intercept(MethodFilterInterceptor.java:98)
    com.opensymphony.xwork2.DefaultActionInvocation.invoke(DefaultActionInvocation.java:246)
    com.opensymphony.xwork2.interceptor.StaticParametersInterceptor.intercept(StaticParametersInterceptor.java:191)
    com.opensymphony.xwork2.DefaultActionInvocation.invoke(DefaultActionInvocation.java:246)
    org.apache.struts2.interceptor.MultiselectInterceptor.intercept(MultiselectInterceptor.java:73)
    com.opensymphony.xwork2.DefaultActionInvocation.invoke(DefaultActionInvocation.java:246)
    org.apache.struts2.interceptor.CheckboxInterceptor.intercept(CheckboxInterceptor.java:91)
    com.opensymphony.xwork2.DefaultActionInvocation.invoke(DefaultActionInvocation.java:246)
    org.apache.struts2.interceptor.FileUploadInterceptor.intercept(FileUploadInterceptor.java:252)
    com.opensymphony.xwork2.DefaultActionInvocation.invoke(DefaultActionInvocation.java:246)
    com.opensymphony.xwork2.interceptor.ModelDrivenInterceptor.intercept(ModelDrivenInterceptor.java:100)
    com.opensymphony.xwork2.DefaultActionInvocation.invoke(DefaultActionInvocation.java:246)
    com.opensymphony.xwork2.interceptor.ScopedModelDrivenInterceptor.intercept(ScopedModelDrivenInterceptor.java:141)
    com.opensymphony.xwork2.DefaultActionInvocation.invoke(DefaultActionInvocation.java:246)
    com.opensymphony.xwork2.interceptor.ChainingInterceptor.intercept(ChainingInterceptor.java:145)
    com.opensymphony.xwork2.DefaultActionInvocation.invoke(DefaultActionInvocation.java:246)
    com.opensymphony.xwork2.interceptor.PrepareInterceptor.doIntercept(PrepareInterceptor.java:171)
    com.opensymphony.xwork2.interceptor.MethodFilterInterceptor.intercept(MethodFilterInterceptor.java:98)
    com.opensymphony.xwork2.DefaultActionInvocation.invoke(DefaultActionInvocation.java:246)
    com.opensymphony.xwork2.interceptor.I18nInterceptor.intercept(I18nInterceptor.java:139)
    com.opensymphony.xwork2.DefaultActionInvocation.invoke(DefaultActionInvocation.java:246)
    org.apache.struts2.interceptor.ServletConfigInterceptor.intercept(ServletConfigInterceptor.java:164)
    com.opensymphony.xwork2.DefaultActionInvocation.invoke(DefaultActionInvocation.java:246)
    com.opensymphony.xwork2.interceptor.AliasInterceptor.intercept(AliasInterceptor.java:193)
    com.opensymphony.xwork2.DefaultActionInvocation.invoke(DefaultActionInvocation.java:246)
    com.opensymphony.xwork2.interceptor.ExceptionMappingInterceptor.intercept(ExceptionMappingInterceptor.java:189)
    com.opensymphony.xwork2.DefaultActionInvocation.invoke(DefaultActionInvocation.java:246)
    org.apache.struts2.interceptor.CreateSessionInterceptor.intercept(CreateSessionInterceptor.java:101)
    com.opensymphony.xwork2.DefaultActionInvocation.invoke(DefaultActionInvocation.java:246)
    org.apache.struts2.impl.StrutsActionProxy.execute(StrutsActionProxy.java:54)
    org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.Dispatcher.serviceAction(Dispatcher.java:562)
    org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.ng.ExecuteOperations.executeAction(ExecuteOperations.java:77)
    org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.ng.filter.StrutsPrepareAndExecuteFilter.doFilter(StrutsPrepareAndExecuteFilter.java:99)
    org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.internalDoFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:235)
    org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.doFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:206)
    org.tuckey.web.filters.urlrewrite.UrlRewriteFilter.doFilter(UrlRewriteFilter.java:738)
    org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.internalDoFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:235)
    org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.doFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:206)
    org.apache.catalina.core.StandardWrapperValve.invoke(StandardWrapperValve.java:233)
    org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContextValve.invoke(StandardContextValve.java:175)
    org.apache.catalina.core.StandardHostValve.invoke(StandardHostValve.java:128)
    org.apache.catalina.valves.ErrorReportValve.invoke(ErrorReportValve.java:102)
    org.apache.catalina.core.StandardEngineValve.invoke(StandardEngineValve.java:109)
    org.apache.catalina.connector.CoyoteAdapter.service(CoyoteAdapter.java:263)
    org.apache.coyote.http11.Http11Processor.process(Http11Processor.java:844)
    org.apache.coyote.http11.Http11Protocol$Http11ConnectionHandler.process(Http11Protocol.java:584)
    org.apache.tomcat.util.net.JIoEndpoint$Worker.run(JIoEndpoint.java:447)
    java.lang.Thread.run(Thread.java:722)